Using SLM to improve the integrity of the Makgadikgadi ecosystem and to secure the livelihoods of rangeland dependent communities

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status


Implementing period

From September 22, 2014 to December 18, 2020

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.3 Combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil
  2. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  3. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Project ID: 5359

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Ecosystem-based adaptation


  • Conserved areas
  • Grasslands


  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Savannas
  • Grazing lands

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Livestock

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Governance
  • Capacity building
  • Food and agricultural commodities


  • Institutional framework
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Participatory governance models
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Improved & diversified sustainable livelihoods (TP 5)
  • Sustainable land management
  • Mainstream
  • Sustainable agriculture practices and use of resources (TP 2, 7, 8, 9)

Social inclusion

  • Private sector
  • Local community/CSOs
  • Smallholder farmers

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.3 Combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Conventions and protocols

  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy
  • Human rights

About this project


A.Prevalent land and livestock management processes in the BotswanaÔÇÖs Makgadikgadi ecosystem are likely to compromise the continued flow of ecosystem goods and services from the savannah ecosystem that are necessary to sustain the national economy, livelihoods and the rich fauna and flora diversity. Local communities need to participate meaningfully in mainstreaming SLM principles into rangeland management and governance in order to secure the ecosystems goods and services necessary for current and future development and maintenance of biodiversity. However, the effectiveness of their participation is currently hindered by critical barriers, chief among them, inadequate knowledge and skills for adoption of SLM in arable farming, livestock management and livelihood support systems (primarily for the hitherto under-utilised veldt products); lack of integrated localized land-use plans and inadequate user-right privileges for resident natural resource users. These barriers are preventing the government and the local communities achieve the long-term solution proposed desired for the rangelands.


To mainstream SLM in rangeland areas of the Makgadikgadi for improved livelihoods.

USD $792,832

Grant amount

USD $6,795,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($792,832)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Birdlife Botswana

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation