Sustainable Land Management in the Qaraoun Watershed

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From January 28, 2016 to July 27, 2021

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 8.3 Promote job-creation, entrepreneurial policies
  2. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  3. 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management

Project ID: 4642

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Agrobiodiversity
  • Wildlife conservation
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Conserved areas
  • Forests
  • FreshWaters


  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Enabling
  • Capacity building
  • Management operation


  • Mainstream
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Sustainable land management

Social inclusion


Gender equality

  • Livelihoods for women

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway
  • Sci-tech pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 8.3 Promote job-creation, entrepreneurial policies
  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management

Conventions and protocols

  • United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction

About this project


The project will set a goal of wise land use on a sustainable long-term basis for the Qaraoun Catchment by developing institutional tools upstream at national level which will provide the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture as well as related agencies such as the Commission for Development and Reconstruction (CDR), the Ministry of Interior and Municipalities, the Bekaa Governorate, and District Administrations and Municipalities in West Bekaa, Zahle and Rachaya Districts with the know-how, means and mechanisms for promoting sustainable land use as in the best interest of the land owners, farmers and communities as well as the nation. Land-use plans at the landscape level will benefit from the project through the identification of land productivity values and ecosystem services and how they can be protected, and an effective monitoring system will be established to maintain all data up to date and discover any worrying trends before they become irreversible. At site-specific level, forests, rangelands and arable land that are currently weakly managed and poorly funded will benefit from comprehensive land use plans that will provide information and education as well as livelihoods and financial security. The implementation of the proposed project will have an immediate global environmental benefit, albeit on a small scale, through the increased management efficiency of arable land and rangelands and the expansion of the area under forests through land use plans, buffer zones, and riparian strips. This will lead to the restoration of natural productivity and conservation of the habitats of a number of plant and animal species and valuable ecosystems and will secure migratory bird pathways. As a result, globally significant biodiversity will be conserved and valuable ecosystem services will be safeguarded. As a result of the significant effort that the project will make on institutional capacity building and the mainstreaming of a sustainability ethic into land use, these benefits will be sustainable.


Sustainable land and natural resource management alleviates land degradation, maintains ecosystem services, and improves livelihoods in the Qaraoun Catchment.

USD $3,287,671

Grant amount

USD $18,500,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($3,287,671)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Lebanon

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation