Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan: Integrated Green Urban Development in Ashgabat and Awaza

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From June 11, 2018 to June 11, 2024

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 7.3 Double global rate energy efficiency improvement
  2. 11.6 Reduce adverse environmental impact of cities

Project ID: 5452

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Technical team

  • Energy Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Energy efficiency
  • Renewable Energy


  • Transport
  • Lighting
  • Type: Off-grid, standalone systems
  • Resource: Solar


  • Human altered areas


  • Urban areas

Transformed sector(s)


UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Policy advice


  • Capacity building
  • Law regulation
  • Enabling


  • Awareness raising
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Demonstration sites/Pilot
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Community engagement
  • Alignment

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Sci-tech pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)


SDG target(s)

  • 7.3 Double global rate energy efficiency improvement
  • 11.6 Reduce adverse environmental impact of cities

Conventions and protocols


Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration

About this project


Population growth and economic development have led to rapid expansion of cities in Turkmenistan over the past two decades, most notably in the capital city of Ashgabat and the resort zone of Awaza on the Caspian Sea. This growth has had an increasing negative environmental impact – resource consumption, waste, local air and water pollution, and emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG). Ashgabat and Awaza have already embraced some measures to manage this impact. But there remains much untapped technical potential to decrease the volume and impact of private vehicle traffic in all cities, further expand efficient street lighting, reduce waste and increase recycling, and introduce “green” practices to hotels. The development challenge of the project is to measurably reduce the negative impacts of urban growth in Turkmenistan while also advancing social and economic development goals. To this end, the project will provide technical assistance, institutional and policy support, organization and development of programs, and promotion of behavioral change, all in conjunction with national priorities and specific needs articulated by the Government. Measures introduced in Ashgabat and Awaza will yield significant GHG emissions reductions and social benefits in themselves, while also creating a basis for replication elsewhere in Turkmenistan.


To promote and implement integrated low-carbon urban systems in Ashgabat and Awaza, thereby reducing GHG emissions and creating other environmental, social, and economic development benefits.

USD $6,180,046

Grant amount

USD $57,100,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($6,180,046)

Implementing partner(s)

  • State Committee for Environmental Protection and Land Resources of Turkmenistan

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation



Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan: Integrated Green Urban Development in Ashgabat and Awaza