Strengthening the PA system in the Qilian Mountains-Qinghai Lake Landscape (CPAR3)

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From January 31, 2019 to January 31, 2024

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.4 Conserve mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity
  2. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  3. 12.b Monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism

Project ID: 5690

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas
  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Biodiversity financing


  • Tundra
  • Forests

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Governance
  • Management operation
  • Capacity building


  • Institutional framework
  • Inter-sectoral coordination
  • Participatory governance models
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Sustainable land management
  • Community capacity building
  • Technical capacity building
  • Traditional knowledge application

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Indigenous peoples

Gender equality

  • Women's access to and control over resources
  • Women decision making

Gender result effectiveness scale



  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.4 Conserve mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 12.b Monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Nature-based solution
  • Leaving no one behind
  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration

Project description

Consolidation of the protected area system in the Qilian Mountains-Qinghai Lake landscape to conserve globally significant biodiversity and development of landscape level management will promote resilience and a functional natural environment across these critical ecosystems. The project aims to strengthen the enabling conditions both at the institutional and site level, to enhance the participation of local communities in natural resource management towards achieving mutually beneficial conservation and socioeconomic outcomes. Although the current protected areas in the Qilian Mountains-Qinghai Lake landscape, namely the Qinghai Lake national nature reserve (NNR) and the Qilian Mountains nature reserve (NR), are managed under sustainable use arrangements, e.g., access for local Tibetan herders to grassland ecosystems, there remain threats to globally significant biodiversity that are not being effectively managed. The project is designed to increase participation through collaborative management and innovative conservation financing arrangements, including but not limited to: (1) expansion of the PA system and management under collaborative community arrangements; (2) community and/or herder group agreements to remove or adjust fencing to reduce threats to Przewalski's gazelle and increase habitat connectivity; (3) development of community jobs in support of PA management; (4) support for sustainable alternative livelihoods linked to conservation incentives, e.g., biodiversity friendly eco-tourism; (5) collaborative implementation of grassland restoration, utilizing local herders to patrol and manage the process; (6) collaborative livestock management in high mountain grasslands, reducing seasonal fragmentation of habitat for key species, including the snow leopard; and (7) pilot implementation of innovative conservation financing, e.g., through conservation easement arrangements, including transfer of tenure and/or land use rights, to support restoration and improve habitat management.

USD $2,752,294

Grant amount

USD $18,045,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($2,752,294)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of China

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation