Strengthening Management of the PA System to Better Conserve Endangered Species and their Habitats

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From January 6, 2016 to January 31, 2021

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  2. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  3. 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species

Project ID: 4956

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas
  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Biodiversity financing
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Conserved areas


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use
  • Livestock

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Innovative approaches
  • Policy advice


  • Governance
  • Law regulation
  • Management operation


  • Inter-sectoral coordination
  • Institutional framework
  • Participatory governance models
  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Pollution control
  • Surveillance & Compliance
  • Ecosystem-based management
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Invasive and alien species (IAS)

Social inclusion

  • Private sector
  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  • 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Public-private partnership
  • Structural/system transformation

About this project


Mexico is a megadiverse country, which is home to a number of endangered and critically endangered species, the populations of some of which have been reduced to a few hundreds of individuals as the result of a range of pressures including land use change, habitat and ecosystem fragmentation, invasive species, overexploitation of natural resources and pollution. To address this problem, SEMARNAT, through CONANP, established the Programme for the Conservation of Endangered Species (PROCER), covering the period 2007-2012. PROCER recognises that the continued existence of these species is highly dependent on the existence of effectively managed protected areas in their remaining areas of natural distribution. As now framed, however, the PA system excludes critical habitats for these endangered species; second, PAs are too small to sustain populations of some endangered species, which move between PAs and unprotected habitats, meaning that there is a need to secure corridors and seasonal dispersal areas; and third, there is a need to strengthen threat managementÔÇöincluding through better enforcement. The solution to this situation will involve a strategic expansion in the PA system; management of critical habitats in the landscape as buffer areas by instituting a stewardship framework; engaging stakeholdersÔÇöprivate sector and communities to engage in stewardship, and developing incentives to encourage stewardship. This project will build on the achievements of PROCER, ensuring that instruments and capacities are established that will ensure the effective and sustainable functioning of these PAs with regards to the conservation of priority endangered species. Key aspects on which it will focus, in order to achieve this effectiveness and sustainability, are i) an ecosystem and landscape-wide approach to PA design, planning and management; ii) the involvement of local communities in the management of endangered species and their habitat; and iii) financial sustainability.


PAs in Mexico contribute effectively to the conservation of endangered species.

USD $5,625,043

Grant amount

USD $31,100,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,625,043)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Mexico

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation



Strengthening Management of the PA System to Better Conserve Endangered Species and their Habitats