Strengthening Forest Area Planning and Management in Kalimantan

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From December 22, 2017 to December 22, 2024

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  2. 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management
  3. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Project ID: 5029

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Biodiversity financing
  • Agrobiodiversity
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Forests
  • Conserved areas


  • Tropical forests
  • Intact forests
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • OECM (Other effective area-based conservation measures)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use
  • Other sectors

UNDP role(s)

  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Law regulation
  • Finance economy
  • Management operation


  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Standards/ Labeling/ Guideline
  • Surveillance & Compliance
  • New/other financial schemes/mechanism
  • Sustainable land management
  • Ecosystem and ecosystem services conservation/restoration
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Smallholder farmers

Gender equality

  • Awareness raising (on gender)

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Conventions and protocols

  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Private sector(s)

  • Small and medium-sized enterprises

Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration

About this project


The development challenge targeted by the present project involves the need for Indonesia to define, plan for and create a better balance between the development and management of major estate crops such as rubber, coffee, and oil palm, and the need for improved forest protection. The project thus focuses on creating more effective land allocations and management of forest areas with high biodiversity and ecosystem services in the context of potential estate crop development in Kalimantan and particularly in the Heart of Borneo (HoB) area. Competing priorities between the country's targeted increase in palm oil production and associated growth and employment targets for the sector need to be reconciled with commitments at both national and international levels to reducing rates of deforestation, forest fires and associated GHG emissions and biodiversity loss.The project strategy and theory of change is based on carrying out a clear process of identifying priority locations and testing approaches where enhanced forest area planning, management and associated use of incentives can be used to generate national and global incremental benefits without harming the potential for economic growth and development of the relevant Kalimantan provinces associated with increased production of estate crops. In addition to providing extensive benefits to Kalimantan including the HoB area, the national-level policies and tools to be developed by the project will also be of significant potential value to other areas of Indonesia facing similar development challenges. The strategy is focused on developing and implementing various approaches to enhancing protection of forested areas in the Non-Forest Land and in the convertible forest, both of which are subject to potential conversion (administratively and/or physically) to estate crops despite their remaining forest cover.


Maintaining forest areas, including the biodiversity and ecosystem functions of Kalimantan"s lowland and montane areas, from the development of estate crops .

USD $9,195,000

Grant amount

USD $50,050,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($9,195,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Indonesia

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation