Ridge to Reef: Integrated Protected Area Land and Seascape Management in Tanintharyi

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From December 11, 2017 to December 11, 2023

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  2. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  3. 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems

Project ID: 5427

*The boundaries shown and the designations used on the above map and included in lists, tables and documents on this website do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or UNDP | References to Kosovo* shall be understood to be in the context of UN Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation
  • Agrobiodiversity


  • Conserved areas
  • Marine


  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)
  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Large marine ecosystem

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Aquaculture
  • Tourism

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Governance
  • Monitor inventory
  • Management operation


  • Partnerships
  • Institutional framework
  • Conflict resolution
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Technical capacity building
  • Ecological monitoring
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Knowledge/Data management

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality

  • Women decision making
  • Livelihoods for women

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender blind


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience
  • Reduce exposure

SDG target(s)

  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


The Ridge to Reef: Integrated Protected Area Land and Seascape Management in Tanintharyi (R2R Project) aims to address the negative impacts of unsustainable sector-led development practices on pristine marine, coastal and terrestrial biodiversity of Tanintharyi Region of Myanmar, while taking into account needs for climate change adaptation and inclusive, equitable social and economic development for communities that are dependent on natural resources. The project will address four key barriers to effectively employing integrated and inclusive planning, management and protection of Tanintharyi's marine, coastal and terrestrial biodiversity: 1) Under-representation of KBAs in the PA system; 2) insufficient systemic capacity for integrated land and seascape planning and management (ILSM); 3) Weak institutional and staff capacity to manage PAs, buffer zones and corridors; and 4) Insufficient capacity to generate and apply biodiversity information and knowledge.Approximately 20% of the Myanmar's KBAs are found in the Tanintharyi Region which include the largest areas of lowland wet evergreen forest remaining in the Indo-Myanmar Hotspot, some of the largest contiguous blocks of mangrove forest in mainland SE Asia, and some 800 islands and diverse marine ecosystems of the Myeik Archipelago, considered the most important area in Myanmar for hard and soft corals. These ecosystems support outstanding biodiversity including flagship species such as tiger, Asian elephant, Asian tapir, Sunda pangolin, and the endemic Gurney's pitta, among others. The project aims to achieve the sustainable development and ecological security of Tanintharyi by developing systemic and institutional capacity to generate, maintain and apply essential information and knowledge about its valuable biodiversity and ecosystems. The project will employ integrated planning and management of the protected area land/seascapes, with integrated ridge to reef planning and management as principles, expanding the PA system and increasing connectivity of protected areas to conserve valuable biodiversity and KBAs. It will explore the full spectrum of governance options, given the recent history of the region and on-going post conflict negotiations between the Union Government and Karen National Union (KNU), and take a conflict-sensitive approach to implementation. It will also establish a foundation of biodiversity knowledge for the terrestrial and marine ecosystems of the Tanintharyi Region, which can be directly applied to manage and secure the globally significant biodiversity of the Sundaic Subregion and Andaman Sea.The primary global benefits that will be delivered include adoption of sustainable land management (SLM) and sustainable forest management (SFM) practices that will reduce land degradation, secure ecosystem services and mainstream biodiversity conservation over a landscape of 2,000,000 ha of globally significant terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystems, and test SFM approaches in at least 200,000 ha. The project will have contribution to UN Sustainable Development Goals: Goal 13: Climate Action, Goal 14: Life Below Water, Goal 15: Life on Land, Goal 1 and 2: No Poverty and Zero Hunger, and Goal 5: Gender Equality; and directly support implementation of Myanmar Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (MNBSAP), contributing to Aichi Targets: Target 5: Loss of Natural Habitats, Target 11: Coverage and Connectivity of the PA System, Target 12: Extinction of Threatened Species, Target 14: Restoring and Safeguarding Essential Ecosystem Services, and Target 15: Enhancing Ecosystem Resilience. The project will be implemented over a period of six years (2018 to 2023). The total funding of the project is estimated at USD 21.75 million; of which USD 5.25 million constitutes grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the remaining USD 16.5 in co-financing from the government and Responsible Parties (RPs). It is a DIM project and RPs comprise: Forest Department, Department of Fisheries, Tanintharyi Regional Government, Fauna and Flora International (FFI) and Smithsonian Institution (SI).


Securing long-term protection of Key Biodiversity Areas through integrated planning and management of the protected area land and seascape in Tanintharyi.

USD $5,400,000

Grant amount

USD $16,538,116

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,400,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Myanmar

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

Discover relevant spatial data related to this project/country/region, powered by UN BiodiversityLab

Project reports and documentation