Restoring degraded forest landscapes and promoting community-based, sustainable and integrated natural resource management in the Rora Habab Plateau

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From July 23, 2019 to July 23, 2026

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  2. 15.3 Combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil
  3. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Project ID: 5519

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Agrobiodiversity
  • Wildlife conservation
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation


  • Grasslands
  • Forests


  • Grazing lands
  • Drylands
  • Savannas
  • Dryland forests

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Policy advice


  • Enabling
  • Food and agricultural commodities


  • Sustainable land management
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Improved & diversified sustainable livelihoods (TP 5)
  • Sustainable agriculture practices and use of resources (TP 2, 7, 8, 9)
  • Mainstream
  • Community engagement

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality

  • Women's access to and control over resources

Gender result effectiveness scale



  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.3 Combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Conventions and protocols

  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Development Policies

Private sector(s)

  • Individuals/Entrepreneurs

Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction

About this project


There are few options for ensuring food security in Eritrea other than through intensifying agriculture and increasing productivity at the household and farm level. To sustain such levels of agricultural intensification, it is important to maintain and restore local ecosystems, allowing them to continue to provide the ecosystem goods and services necessary to keep land arable and ensure pastoral production remains viable for farmers. The GEF alternative will therefore address sustainable natural resource management issues that would remain largely unaddressed within the baseline scenario. A range of constraints limit the adoption of sustainable natural resource use, land management, forest-use strategies and other practices that yield local-level benefits. Some of these barriers also impede the generation of global benefits, such as those related to conservation of biodiversity and ecosystems and the landscape's ability to sequester carbon. To address these barriers, the project will demonstrate how agricultural development, landscape and ecosystem restoration/rehabilitation and sustainable forest management can be simultaneously achieved with tangible benefits for both the environment and local communities.The project will therefore adopt an approach that seeks to address these barriers and challenges, by adopting a combination of specific technical approaches and interventions at national and local levels, including at farm levels. The solutions advanced by the project strategy are expected to contribute to overcoming some of these barriers and challenges and facilitate the creation of an enabling environment that empowers government institutions, local authorities and land users, including farmers, to adopt and take up sustainable land use practices at the different levels of land and resource use and management.


To promote landscape restoration and mainstream sustainable land management, forestry and biodiversity conservation into land-use planning and agricultural production practices in the Rora Habab Plateau, Nafka Sub-Zoba of the Northern Red Sea Region of Eritrea.

USD $8,420,607

Grant amount

USD $23,500,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($8,420,607)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Eritrea

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation