R2R Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the National System of Protected Areas

Lead country

Papua New Guinea

Participating countries

Papua New Guinea

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From November 13, 2015 to November 13, 2020

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  2. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  3. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Project ID: 5261

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Biodiversity financing
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation
  • Agrobiodiversity


  • Conserved areas
  • Marine


  • Marine and coastal protected areas
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)
  • Large marine ecosystem

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use
  • Aquaculture

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance


  • Governance
  • Capacity building
  • Management operation


  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Institutional framework
  • Sustainable fire management
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Awareness raising
  • Management effectiveness (METT)
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Marine Spatial Planning

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality

  • Women decision making
  • Women park rangers

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender responsive


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • SIDS

About this project


PNG is a global storehouse of biodiversity. As elsewhere, protected areas constitute an important vehicle for biodiversity conservation; however the national capacity to administer PAs is weak and many sites suffer from neglect--undermining their conservation utility. PNG has committed to establish a comprehensive, effectively managed and ecologically-representative national system of protected areas. Four major needs have been identified in order to achieve this policy goal, namely: (i) improve decision-making to guide conservation site action; (ii) better target investments in biodiversity management at the site level; (iii) strengthen traditional conservation measures; and (iv) advance conservation in landscapes. The project is designed to address these needs by strengthening the capacity of the state and communities to manage the existing PA network improving governance of the PA system while simultaneously strengthening PA management in areas with high biodiversity values. Site interventions will be located to test a landscape approach to conservation addressing threats within the site and in surrounding landscapes as needed to secure biodiversity values. This conforms with the ridge to reef approach. PNG will share lessons and good practices with other countries participating in the Pacific Ridge to Reef Programme. Funding will be sources from the biodiversity and land degradation focal areas, with the LD funds utilized to marry PA management and landscape management to address landscape level threats such as wildfires.


To strengthen national and local capacities to effectively manage the national system of protected areas, and address threats to biodiversity and ecosystem functions in these areas.

USD $11,229,358

Grant amount

USD $44,409,200

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($11,229,358)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Papua New Guinea

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation