R2R Implementing an integrated Ridge to Reef approach to enhance ecosystem services, to conserve globally important biodiversity and to sustain local livelihoods in the FSM

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From November 19, 2015 to May 19, 2022

Project ID: 5179

*The boundaries shown and the designations used on the above map and included in lists, tables and documents on this website do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or UNDP | References to Kosovo* shall be understood to be in the context of UN Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Conserved areas
  • Forests


  • Marine and coastal protected areas
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Mangroves
  • Tropical forests

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Aquaculture
  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)



  • Governance
  • Management operation
  • Capacity building


  • Inter-sectoral coordination
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Awareness raising
  • Sustainable land management
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Management effectiveness (METT)
  • Community capacity building

Social inclusion

  • Private sector
  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality

  • Women's cooperatives and groups

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience
  • Reduce exposure

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems

Conventions and protocols


Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • SIDS

About this project


Marine and terrestrial biodiversity and ecosystem services underpin the economy of the Federated States of Micronesia and are vital to food security. However, these resources and services are currently being undermined by unsustainable resource use practices and overharvesting of resources, spread of invasive alien species and the impacts of climate change. This project has been designed to engineer a paradigm shift in the management of natural resources from an ad hoc site/problem centric approach to a holistic ridge to reef management approach, where whole island systems are managed to enhance ecosystem services, to conserve globally important biodiversity and to sustain local livelihoods. The project will promote an integrated approach towards fostering sustainable land management and biodiversity conservation, seeking to balance environmental management with development needs. Amongst other things, it will set-up a multi-sector planning platform to balance competing environmental, social and economic objectives. In doing so, it will reduce conflicting land-uses and improve the sustainability of upland and mangrove forest and wetlands management so as to maintain the flow of vital ecosystem services and sustain the livelihoods of local communities. Further, the project will demonstrate sustainable land management practices, testing new management measures, as needed, to reduce existing environmental stressors. The project will also enhance the FSM's capacities to effectively manage its protected areas estate, as well as increase the terrestrial and marine coverage of the PA system on the High Islands.


To strengthen local, State and National capacities and actions to implement integrated ecosystem based management through “ridge to reef” approach on the High Islands of the four States of the FSM.

USD $4,839,815

Grant amount

USD $17,886,398

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($4,839,815)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Fiji

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

Discover relevant spatial data related to this project/country/region, powered by UN BiodiversityLab

Project reports and documentation