Promotion of environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient grid-based hydroelectric electricity through an integrated approach in Sao Tome and Principe

Lead country

Sao Tome & Principe

Participating countries

Sao Tome & Principe

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From January 21, 2016 to March 31, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 7.1 Ensure universal access to sustainable, reliable energy
  2. 7.2 Increase share of global renewable energy

Project ID: 4602

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Technical team

  • Energy Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Renewable Energy
  • Energy access


  • Type: Off-grid, mini-grids
  • Resource: Hydro
  • Type: On-grid, utility-scale
  • Electricity access


  • Human altered areas


  • Rural areas

Transformed sector(s)

  • Energy
  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Institutional mechanism and system building
  • Optimising financing
  • Thought leadership


  • Governance
  • Technology innovation
  • Capacity building


  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Institutional framework
  • Partnerships
  • Alternative energy sources
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Technical capacity building

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector
  • Women

Gender equality

  • Women farmers
  • Women park rangers

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway
  • Sci-tech pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 7.1 Ensure universal access to sustainable, reliable energy
  • 7.2 Increase share of global renewable energy

Conventions and protocols


Private sector(s)

  • Capital providers

Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Poverty reduction

About this project


The objective of the project is to introduce an integrated energy and ecosystems-based approach to grid/isolated-grid-based mini/small hydro-electricity generation in Sao Tome and Principe by leveraging $ 20.7 million in multilateral and private sector financing over its five-year implementation period. This, in turn, is expected to generate direct global benefits of 137,200 tons of CO2 over the same period and 36,850 tons CO2/yr thereafter in avoided greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In addition, in order to ensure the availability of hydro resources for electricity generation (and irrigation for job creation), the project will implement an integrated watershed management approach. It aims at integrating natural resource management with community livelihoods improvement in a sustainable way and within a landscape approach. The project will introduce innovative participative methods of natural resource management, conservation farming and agro-ecology. This will be achieved through watershed level land use planning and implementation of community forests over 6,000 ha, sustainable agricultural land management practices over 10,000 ha, and income generating activities (such as mushrooms, medicinal plants, ecotourism, etc.) for rural communities. This landscape approach will be sustained by a financial mechanism between the private hydroelectricity producers and the upstream communities, based on the maintenance of environmental services (water supply regulation).


To assist the Government in addressing the barriers to significantly increase grid/isolated-grid-connected mini/small hydropower capacity and to sustainably manage the watershed.

USD $5,374,544

Grant amount

USD $20,705,704

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,374,544)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Ministry of Public Works, Infrastructure, Natural Resources

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation