Operationalizing Protected Area Management Systems in Eritrea

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From March 28, 2014 to March 28, 2021

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.1 Conserve, restore, sustainably use terrestrial, freshwater ecosystems
  2. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  3. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Project ID: 4816

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Wildlife conservation


  • Forests
  • Marine


  • Marine and coastal protected areas
  • Specially protected areas (SPAs)
  • Coasts
  • Coral reefs

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Policy advice


  • Management operation
  • Governance
  • Mitigation adaptation


  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Institutional framework
  • Ecosystem mitigation and adaptation

Social inclusion


Gender equality

  • Women farmers
  • Livelihoods for women
  • Women's cooperatives and groups

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation
  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.1 Conserve, restore, sustainably use terrestrial, freshwater ecosystems
  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic


About this project


The Title is Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation. The project directly addresses BD-1: Improve Sustainability of Protected Area Systems. Biodiversity conservation received limited support in the initial years after independence, as the government focused on addressing pressing human development issues. The government has however, recently refocused its development program with a view to improving environmental management, but the country has no national framework for the management of Protected Areas. The project seeks to address this gapÔÇöthe operationalization of a National Protected Area system. It will do so by establishing the necessary institutional framework and capacity for management, as well as gazetting and operationalising management in the Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area cluster, which will provide the initial heart of the PA system. These areas will be zoned into national parks and limited use marine and terrestrial Reserves, covering 110,860 hectares, encompassing areas of highest biodiversity significance. The project will further seek to address threats to biodiversity in immediately surrounding areas, also critical for biodiversity, but where human settlements preclude the establishment of strict protected areas. Land degradation in these areas poses a critical risk to habitats, and is threatening flora and fauna. A total of 190,777 hectares of land will be designated as Managed Resource Use PA (IUCN category 6) to contain these pressures. The MRPAs will be managed under a range of co-management agreements between Zoba and national authorities, local communities and the private sector, as suited to the specific management challenges facing different sites. SLM technologies will be promoted to combat land and accompanying habitat degradation, and reduce the vulnerability of the communities to climate change and poverty, thereby containing the threats to biodiversity in this landscape.


Create policy and institutional conditions to operationalize the national protected area system.

USD $6,028,000

Grant amount

USD $10,600,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($6,028,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Ministry of National Development

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation