Mainstreaming the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity into tourism development and operations in threatened ecosystems in Egypt

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From November 14, 2018 to November 14, 2023

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 12.b Monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism
  2. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Project ID: 4590

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Mainstreaming biodiversity
  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Conserved areas
  • Human altered areas


  • Heritage sites

Transformed sector(s)

  • Tourism

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing


  • Management operation


  • Ecosystem-based management
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Development planning

Social inclusion


Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 12.b Monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

Project description

To reduce the aforementioned threats from unsustainable tourism development and forestall the consequential impacts on biodiversity in Egypt, the project will seek to alter the trajectory of tourism development in the country and render tourism operations more biodiversity-friendly. At the same time the project will harness the opportunities more sustainable forms of tourism offer for biodiversity and local community development and thereby contribute to the quality diversification of EgyptÔÇÖs tourism product. Action will be needed on several levels and fronts: 1) at the national and regional landscape levels ÔÇô by mainstreaming biodiversity into regulations, spatial and tourism development planning and related investment strategies, to influence (avoid/reduce/restore/offset) the deployment of high-impact tourism developments in ecologically important and sensitive areas, this being the most fundamental irreversible direct threat; and by the concurrent designation of new protected areas and the adaptation of existing protected area boundaries; and 2) at the local site level in existing and prospective tourism zones, especially protected areas and adjacent areas of ecological significance, where physical development is set to occur and where there is a need to change the operational aspects of tourism through additional management interventions to address further direct and indirect threats on biodiversity; this will also entail enhancing the management in concerned protected areas.

USD $2,634,338

Grant amount

USD $10,648,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($2,634,338)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation