Madagascar: Third Environment Programme

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status


Implementing period

From May 27, 2005 to December 19, 2020

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  2. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  3. 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems

Project ID: 2762

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Biodiversity financing
  • Ecosystem-based adaptation


  • Forests
  • Marine
  • Wetlands


  • Protected areas network
  • Dryland forests
  • Coral reefs
  • Mangroves

Transformed sector(s)

  • Fisheries

UNDP role(s)

  • Institutional mechanism and system building
  • Optimising financing
  • Data collection and analysis


  • Management operation
  • Food and agricultural commodities
  • Monitor inventory


  • Ecosystem-based management
  • Participatory governance models
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Improved & diversified sustainable livelihoods (TP 5)
  • Management effectiveness (METT)
  • Advocacy (towards policy makers)
  • Knowledge/Data management
  • Ecological monitoring
  • Marine Spatial Planning

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction
  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


Madagascar is recognized as one of the 17 greatest mega-diversity hotspots in the world for biodiversity, but conservation of biodiversity outside of its protected area network remains highly problematic. Protected areas are increasingly becoming islands surrounded by fields, grasslands and severely degraded natural areas. Transfer of natural resource management rights to empowered communities was begun under Madagascars second Environment Programme. This shows great promise, but participatory and sustainable management of ecosystems and natural resources is severely constrained by the lack of viable sustainable natural resource models and the lack of economic incentives to communities for sustainable management.The project will address systemic, institutional and individual barriers to sustainable natural resources management (SNRM), working first at community-based field laboratories in protected area support zones (PASZ) to develop replicable productive SNRM models. Secondly, the project will work at the national level to mainstream SNRM as a conservation tool through the generation and sharing of knowledge on SNRM through a network of SNRM practitioners and through a communication programme targeting policy and decision makers. SNRM model development will be done on 13 field labs in coral reef/coastal, mangrove and dry forest/spiny forest ecosystems in PASZ around Toliara in the southwest and around Nosy Be/Ambanja in northwest. Existing stakeholder platforms will be engaged to develop strategies for integrating PA, SNRM and biodiversity conservation into the land use systems and economic life of the PASZ. SNRM marine models will be directly integrated into the co-management of two new marine parks to be created in the two zones.The Knowledge Management component will develop and implement protocols for the systematic collection and analysis of data on key economic, ecological/technical and institutional aspects of SNRM in biodiversity ecosystems across the country. State-of-the-art summaries, lessons learned and tool kits will be widely disseminated and policy briefs prepared and communicated to policy and decision makers. The project will allow SNRM to be developed as a much more effective tool for biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihoods in Madagascar.


Sustainable Natural Resource Management Systems established and strengthened in Protected Area Support Zones (PASZ)The Project is intended to cultivate conservation compatible land uses based on community based sustainable natural resource use in the PASZ of:Toliara Barrier Reef/Nosy Ve marine park, Mikea Forest terrestrial PA, Lokobe National Park and the Nosy Radama/ Sahamalaza marine park PA Support Zone (PASZ) is defined as the larger landscape surrounding a protected area with its ecosystems and human populations. The populations and stakeholders of the PASZ interact with the PA and the PASZ ecosystems through their socio-economic activities to the benefit or the detriment of the PA and the PASZ"s biodiversity. A PASZ may be considered the geographic area from which threats and pressures are exerted on the PA.

USD $4,500,000

Grant amount

USD $135,350,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($4,500,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Madagascar

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation