India: Preparation of Third National Communication (3NC) to the UNFCCC and strengthening institutional and analytical capacities on climate change

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From July 3, 2013 to March 31, 2021

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  2. 13.b Build capacity for climate change planning, management

Project ID: 4603

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Technical team

  • Climate Strategies and Policy Programme

Cross-cutting programme(s)

  • Climate Change Adaptation Programme
  • Climate and Forests Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Carbon sequestration


  • Human altered areas


  • Industrial site

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use
  • Energy
  • Agriculture

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Data collection and analysis


  • Monitor inventory
  • Law regulation
  • Governance


  • Environmental accounting
  • Impact assessment
  • Knowledge/Data management
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Inter-sectoral coordination
  • Partnerships

Social inclusion

  • Private sector
  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality

  • Gender-responsive policies

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender responsive


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  • 13.b Build capacity for climate change planning, management

Conventions and protocols

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


The proposed project is in line with India's commitments to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It aims to enable India undertake activities to prepare its Third National Communication to the UNFCCC according to the guidelines provided by the Conference of Parties (COP) for non-Annex 1 countries (17/CP.8). Based on the experience and lessons learned from the Initial National Communication (INC) and the Second National Communication (SNC), as well as the recommendations from the final evaluation of INC and SNC, the TNC will broaden and consolidate the network of stakeholders, including the researchers, industry, NGOs and the private sector to create a platform for policy interface in key climate change sectors. The activities proposed in the TNC are envisaged to make climate change assessments more policy relevant and enhance India's capacity to incorporate climate change in its development processes which is in line with the GEF's climate change mitigation focal area objective (CCM-6) under GEF-5: Enabling Activities: Support enabling activities and capacity building under the Convention. The outcome is: “Adequate resources allocated to support enabling activities under the Convention” and the Outputs are “Countries receiving GEF support for national communication, etc.” & “National communications, etc. completed and submitted to the UNFCCC as appropriate”. In inventory analysis, the TNC will increase the reliability of emission data and put in place a more sustainable inventory process, through a national inventory management system. The project would specifically address the gaps identified in the INC and SNC, particularly on capacity building needs, sector-specific data, developing and refining country specific emission/sequestration factors, and developing integrated vulnerability and adaptation frameworks for identified hotspots that are vulnerable to climate change.


To prepare the Third National Communication and other new information required to meet obligations under the UNFCCC.

USD $9,010,604

Grant amount

USD $26,240,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($9,010,604)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Ministry of Environment and Forests

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation