Improving Ocean Governance and Integrated Management in the BCLME

Lead country


Participating countries

Namibia, Angola, South Africa

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From December 12, 2016 to March 31, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  2. 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems
  3. 1.4 Equal rights to services, economic resources

Project ID: 5313

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Technical team

  • Oceans and Water Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Sustainable management of oceans in a changing climate


  • Marine


  • Large marine ecosystem
  • Exclusive economic zone

Transformed sector(s)

  • Fisheries

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Governance
  • Management operation
  • Capacity building


  • Institutional framework
  • Participatory governance models
  • Ecosystem-based management
  • Ecosystem and ecosystem services conservation/restoration
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Portfolio learning

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector
  • Women

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  • 14.2 Sustainably manage, protect, restore marine, coastal ecosystems
  • 1.4 Equal rights to services, economic resources

Conventions and protocols

  • Strategic Action Programme

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Public-private partnership
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


The Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) spans some 30 degrees of latitude, extending from Angola's Cabinda Province in the north, to just east of Port Elizabeth in South Africa. It is one of the world's richest marine ecosystems and supports an abundance of life, sustaining both artisanal and large-scale fishery activities which contribute to local food security and employment for hundreds of thousands of people in areas of limited alternatives; these fisheries activities serve as important drivers of economic development. In addition to fisheries, non-living marine resources exploitation is socially and economically important with total marine goods extraction worth some US$260 billion per annum. The GEF co-funded Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem (BCLME) Programme, for which planning discussions commenced by the mid-1990s, ran effectively from 2002 to 2008 and promoted the integrated management and sustainable use of marine resources of the BCLME. Over the past years, BCLME project has accomplished several achievements in the three countries (Angola, Namibia and South Africa) among which the establishment of BCC and the signing of the convention can be mentioned. This proposed project is therefore initiated to build on the strong political commitment of the three countries to sustainable management of the BCLME and on the past GEF investment in the region, the proposed project aims to 1) promote further policy, legal, institutional and management reform at both regional and national level to implement SAP and Convention; 2) promote the engagement of communities as well as private sectors in stress reduction demonstration activities and in the implementation of SAP and Conventions; and 3) strengthen institutional and human capacity building through, among other means, south-south cooperation.


To realize a coordinated regional approach to the long-term conservation, protection, rehabilitation, enhancement and sustainable use of the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem in order to provide economic, environmental and social benefits and wellbeing to the region through the implementation of the Benguela Current Convention and accompanying Strategic Action Programme.

USD $11,200,000

Grant amount


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($11,200,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Benguela Current Commission

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation