GMS-FBP Strengthening Capacity and Incentives for Wildlife Conservation in the Western Forest Complex (transferred from WB)

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From July 15, 2015 to July 14, 2021

Project ID: 5436

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Biodiversity financing


  • Forests
  • Conserved areas


  • Tropical forests
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use
  • Tourism

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance


  • Governance
  • Capacity building
  • Management operation


  • Participatory governance models
  • Partnerships
  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Awareness raising
  • Sustainable land management
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Improved & diversified sustainable livelihoods (TP 5)

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality

  • Livelihoods for women
  • Women park rangers

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender responsive


  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.c Increase local capacity to combat species poaching
  • 15.7 End wildlife poaching, illegal species trafficking

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic


About this project


Situated at the core of the Western Forest Complex (WEFCOM), the Huai Kha Khaeng-Thung Yai Naresuan World Heritage Site (HKK-TY WHS) consists of three contiguous Wildlife Sanctuaries: the Huai Kha Khang (HKK); the Thung Yai Naresuan East (TYE); and the Thung Yai Naresuan West (TYW). Totalling an area of 6,427 km2, the largely intact forest habitats of the HKK-TY WHS provide a protected refuge for approximately half of Thailand's tiger population. There are no villages within the HKK, but there are 14 formally recognised enclave villages within the TYW (7 villages) and TYE (7 villages). There are further villages, together with mixed forest-agriculture, in a 5km buffer around the HKK-TY WHS with a particular concentration to the east of HKK where there is an estimated 29 villages. Many of the villagers living in the enclave and buffer villages are dependent on the use of forest resourcesThe most significant threats to tiger survival in and around the HKK-TY WHS includes: i) habitat degradation and fragmentation; ii) poaching of the prey that tiger depend on; and iii) poaching of the tigers themselves. These threats are further exacerbated by limited capacity and insufficient resources to effectively plan and administer the wildlife sanctuaries, and limited working relationships with enclave and buffer communities.The project has been organised into three components, and will be implemented over a period of five years. The first component of the project is directed towards strengthening and scaling up existing best-practice management activities, and developing and testing innovative approaches to enforcement and compliance, in the HKK-TYN WHS. It will strive to reduce the direct threats to tigers and prey, improve effectiveness of wildlife sanctuary management, and enhance the use of data and information to support key management decision-making. The second component of the project is focused on linking sustainable livelihood development in the enclave and buffer zone villages with specific conservation outcomes, and improving economic links between the buffer zone and enclave villages and the Wildlife Sanctuaries. It will seek to achieve these linkages by promoting incentives (including technical support and grant funding for sustainable livelihood initiatives, ecotourism development and piloting a REDD+ Wildlife Premium carbon project) for community-based sustainable forest management, environmentally-friendly agricultural practices, nature-based tourism and education and improved wildlife and habitat protection.The third component of the project is directed towards raising the awareness in communities living in and around the WHS of the need to conserve, and the importance of protecting, the forest landscapes and associated wildlife. With the iterative recognition in these communities of the intrinsic value of the forest habitats and wildlife, work under this component will assist in strengthening the representation of the buffer and enclave communities in each of the Wildlife Sanctuary's Protected Area Committees (PACs). With improved community-based representation on the PAC, the project will assist in building the capacity (information, knowledge, skills) of each of the community representatives to assure a constructive and meaningful contribution to the co-management of the WSs


To improve the management effectiveness of, and sustainable financing for, Huai Kha Khaeng-Thung Yai Naresuan (HKK-TYN) World Heritage Site and incentivise local community stewardship.

USD $7,339,450

Grant amount

USD $24,234,427

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Source(s) of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($7,339,450)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (DNP)

Joint agencies

  • Asian Development Bank

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation