Expansion and strengthening of Angolas Protected Area system

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From May 18, 2016 to November 18, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  2. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  3. 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management

Project ID: 4464

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Biodiversity financing
  • Wildlife conservation


  • Conserved areas
  • Grasslands
  • Forests


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Protected areas network
  • Important bird and biodiversity areas (IBAs)
  • Savannas
  • Montane forests

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Institutional mechanism and system building
  • Support functions


  • Finance economy
  • Capacity building
  • Management operation


  • Nature finance
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Technical capacity building
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Management effectiveness (METT)

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Women

Gender equality

  • Women park rangers

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender responsive


  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction

About this project


The proposed project advances GEF Biodiversity Objective 1 :Improve Sustainability of Protected Area Systems (BD1) and specifically Improved management effectiveness of existing and new protected areas. Currently, the Angolan PA system has two main weaknesses: first, the system falls short in terms of its bio-geographic representation with several terrestrial ecosystems currently under-represented ; second, constituent PAs in the current system have sub-optimal management effectiveness and are not effectively mitigating the threats to ecosystems, flora and fauna. The project is designed to address both sets of weaknesses simultaneously. It will improve ecosystem representation in the PA system and it will strengthen PA management operations at key sites, as both sets of interventions are needed. This will be underpinned by investments at the systems level, to strengthen the institutional foundations and financing framework for PA management. The project will increase the coverage of terrestrial PAs in Angola to include 23 of the 32 mapped vegetation types (up from a current 11 vegetation types covered). As a result, the species-rich moist lowland, escarpment and montane forests will be incorporated into the PA system, among other unique habitats that are currently not protected. These ecosystems stand to be lost or degraded unless prompt action is taken to bring them under protection. The expansion will add 9,050 sq km to the existing PA estate, increasing the coverage from approximately 6.6% to 7.3% of the national territory. Through on-the-ground interventions planned under The project will enhance the capacity of the PA authority to deliver PA functions, including management planning, monitoring, surveillance of malpractices and law enforcement. It will also address the needs of PA adjacent communities, for example by managing human-wildlife conflicts and developing activities that generate local socio-economic benefits.


Enhance the management effectiveness - including operational effectiveness and ecosystem representation - of Angola"s Protected Area System, with due consideration for its overall sustainability, including ecological, institutional and financial sustainability.

USD $5,900,000

Grant amount

USD $16,352,469

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,900,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Angola

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation



Expansion and strengthening of Angolas Protected Area system