Enhancing the Prevention, Control and Management of Invasive Alien Species in Vulnerable Ecosystems of Fiji

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From May 16, 2018 to May 16, 2023

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species
  2. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Project ID: 5589

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Ecosystem-based mitigation
  • Wildlife conservation


  • Conserved areas
  • Marine


  • Marine and coastal protected areas
  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Large marine ecosystem

Transformed sector(s)

  • Aquaculture
  • Agriculture
  • Tourism

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Data collection and analysis


  • Management operation
  • Governance
  • Capacity building


  • Integrated coastal zone management
  • Invasive and alien species (IAS)
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Institutional framework
  • Surveillance & Compliance
  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Awareness raising
  • Ecological monitoring

Social inclusion

  • Private sector
  • Local community/CSOs

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)

  • Individuals/Entrepreneurs
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises

Hot topic

  • SIDS

About this project


Invasive alien species (IAS) are the greatest threat to biodiversity in the Pacific Islands. Numerous IAS have been introduced to Fiji, with significant impacts on natural landscapes and biodiversity. The recent introduction of Giant Invasive Iguana – GII (Iguana iguana) – to Fiji represents the first established population of this species in the Pacific and is a potential bridgehead to some of the world's most isolated island ecosystems. GII have already caused harm throughout the Caribbean where they are spreading fast and have significant detrimental effects, including on native biodiversity, agriculture and tourism. Although there are several national and local-level initiatives to address IAS in Fiji, these efforts, lack adequate capacity and an overall comprehensive strategy to ensure a systematic and effective protection of biodiversity-rich and important areas. An effective, systematic and comprehensive eradication effort against GII, before populations grow beyond the point where they can be controlled is currently lacking and urgently needed. The preferred solution requires a suite of preventative measures to reduce IAS incursion and establishment, that will be introduced by this project, including: (i) Strengthened IAS policy, institutions and coordination at the national level to reduce the risk of IAS entering Fiji, including a comprehensive multi-sectorial coordination mechanism to ensure the best possible use of resources and capacities for prevention, management, eradication, awareness and restoration, and capacity building of biosecurity staff; (ii) Improved IAS prevention and surveillance operations at the island level on Taveuni, Qamea, Matagi and Laucala to reduce potential for pest species to enter and establish within the four-island group and move between these islands; (iii) Implementation of a comprehensive eradication plan for GII based on comprehensive survey and public outreach on Taveuni and an increase in removal effort of GII on the islands of Qamea, Matagi, and Laucala; and (iv) Strengthened knowledge management and awareness raising that targets the general public, tour operations and visitors, so as to safeguard the nation from IAS.


To improve the chances of the long-term survival of terrestrial endemic and threatened species on Taveuni Island, surrounding islets and throughout Fiji by building national and local capacity to manage Invasive Alien Species.

USD $3,652,968

Grant amount

USD $26,864,514

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($3,652,968)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Biosecurity Authority of Fiji

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation