Enhancing national food security in the context of global climate change

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From January 20, 2016 to July 17, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  2. 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  3. 14.4 Regulate harvesting, overfishing, illegal fishing

Project ID: 4570

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Technical team

  • Climate Change Adaptation Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem-based adaptation
  • Mainstreaming integrated policy and planning for climate-resilient & sustainable development


  • Marine


  • Coasts

Transformed sector(s)

  • Fisheries

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Policy advice


  • Law regulation
  • Governance


  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Institutional framework

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Women

Gender equality

  • Awareness raising (on gender)

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning
  • 14.4 Regulate harvesting, overfishing, illegal fishing

Conventions and protocols


Private sector(s)

  • Small and medium-sized enterprises

Hot topic

  • SIDS
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy
  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration

About this project


Kiribati is a nation comprised of 33 atolls (21 inhabited) spread across a vast Pacific Ocean territory. The people of rural Kiribati are largely reliant upon a limited land base and coastal zone fisheries for both nutrition and livelihood.As the population grows and climate change advances, the security of island resources will be challenged. Already, the ecosystem integrity upon which islanders depend for climate change resilience is being eroded. This is evinced by many factors including deteriorating quality of near-shore fisheries, degraded lagoon health, and reduced freshwater quality. The primary reason for this is that current management regimes for both atoll and lagoon resources are defined by open resource access. There is very little active management, research, and/or regulation to make certain use of lagoon resources is maintained within sustainable limits. The nation has very little experience with the design and implementation of community-based management regimes to incentivize improved and more innovative management techniques. There are few tools in place to support better management of lagoon resource in light of expanding economic use and demand for these resources. This situation challenges resource management both within the lagoon and on the atoll. Climate change will certainly exacerbates an already very high level of vulnerability.The project objective is to build the adaptive capacity of vulnerable Kiribati communities to ensure food security under conditions of climate change.To address these challenges and reach the projectÂs objective, the LDCF investment will support the realization of two components and related activities. Both components will be closely aligned so that national and site-based activities are designed to build synergies, increase awareness, and generate much more informed and strategic use of natural resources so that ecosystem integrity is able to continue to function as the foundation of food security needs.Under Component One, the project will assist Kiribati to address urgent institutional capacity building needs primarily on the national level. This will include helping to set in place an improved regulatory environment, strengthened institutional planning and policy frameworks, and generation of data required to support informed decision-making.Under Component Two, the project will assist Kiribati to address climate change vulnerabilities by implementing and demonstrating community-based adaptation measures. The project will work on a select number of atolls to set in place models for land and lagoon resources management that is predicated upon informed planning and management processes. The general awareness of rural communities regarding fisheries management and climate change impacts will be increased. Community-based monitoring systems will be established. This will be used to inform decision-making, serve as an early warning system for climate change impacts, and be linked to island-wide vulnerability assessments. The monitoring system will be linked to national level programming so that national level decision-making benefits from more broad-based information sources. The project will support the generation, adoption, and implementation of model council by-laws designed to be ecosystem inclusive and enhance ecosystem integrity. This will include model regulations for the management of fisheries, including permit and reporting mechanisms for both subsistence, commercial and tourism use of lagoon resources. The project will work with extension officers responsible for both agriculture and fisheries resources. This will include building the capacities of officers, responsible government agencies, island councils, and rural stakeholders through formal training programs utilizing fisheries field schools. Model programs for more sustainable and climate resilient practices will be tested, assessed, and ready for national replication.All project activity will target the reduction of food security issues by setting in place capacities required for local communities.


To build the adaptive capacity of vulnerable Kiribati communities to ensure food security under conditions of climate change.

USD $4,566,210

Grant amount

USD $7,360,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Least Developed Countries Fund ($4,566,210)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Fiji

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation