Enabling China to Prepare Its Third National Communication (3NC) to the UNFCCC

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From March 3, 2015 to December 3, 2020

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade industrial capabilities
  2. 13.1 Strengthen resilience, adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards

Project ID: 5032

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Technical team

  • Climate Strategies and Policy Programme

Cross-cutting programme(s)

  • Climate Change Adaptation Programme

Technical area(s)



  • Human altered areas


  • Industrial site

Transformed sector(s)

  • Energy
  • Coal
  • Transportation

UNDP role(s)

  • Convening / Partnerships / Knowledge Sharing
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Policy advice


  • Monitor inventory
  • Law regulation
  • Capacity building


  • Environmental accounting
  • Data quality
  • Impact assessment
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Standards/ Labeling/ Guideline
  • Partnerships
  • Awareness raising
  • Technical capacity building
  • Institutional capacity building

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade industrial capabilities
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience, adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards

Conventions and protocols

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


This project is to enable China to fulfill its commitments under the UNFCCC to prepare its Third National Communication (3NC) and Initial Biennial Update Report (BUR) and to gradually establish a supporting system of developing NCs and BUR in accordance with the Guidelines for the Preparation of National Communications from Non-Annex I Parties (17/CP.8) and Biennial Update Reporting Guidelines for Non-Annex I Parties (2/CP.17) adopted by the Conference of Parties (COP). Based on the experience and lessons learned from the previous two NCs, the project will broaden and consolidate the network of stakeholders, including those in the government, research and education institutions, associations, social groups, enterprises, individuals and NGOs, enhance technical capacity of national experts, and strengthen the institutional framework for the preparation of NCs and BURs. Furthermore, the project will place greater emphasis on relevant policies on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change and the results of their implementation, promote the establishment and improvement of the domestic systems for measurement, report and verification, so as to enable China to effectively address climate change in the process of pursuing national sustainable development.The project will develop comprehensive national Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory of 2010 and 2012, with extended categories and sources of GHG emissions and reduced uncertainties of the inventory. It will further improve the national GHG inventory database management system, with a view to administering inventory data in a more scientific way and making the preparation of GHG inventories a continuing process. The project will further improve the approach for projecting GHG emissions in China, and estimate China's CO2 emission from energy activities in 2025. It will also identify key impacts of climate change and corresponding adaptation measures, describe relevant policies and measures which China adopts to address climate change, and introduce the activities of enhancing public awareness on climate change. It will provide relevant information on addressing climate change by Hong Kong and Macao. The project will lead to the submission of the 3NC and BUR to the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC.


Strengthened capacity in integrating climate change concerns into national and sectoral development priorities while fulfilling obligations to the UNFCCC.

USD $7,280,000

Grant amount

USD $900,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($7,280,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation