Development of Costa Rica’s Fourth National Communication and Second Biennial Update Report to the UNFCCC

Lead country

Costa Rica

Participating countries

Costa Rica

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From September 19, 2017 to September 19, 2021

Project ID: 6013

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Technical team

  • Climate Strategies and Policy Programme

Cross-cutting programme(s)

  • Climate Change Adaptation Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Mainstreaming integrated policy and planning for climate-resilient & sustainable development


  • Human altered areas
  • Marine


  • Industrial site
  • Coasts

Transformed sector(s)

  • Energy
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Data collection and analysis
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Monitor inventory
  • Law regulation
  • Capacity building


  • Environmental accounting
  • Knowledge/Data management
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Institutional framework
  • Partnerships
  • Technical capacity building
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Waste management

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • Systems pathway
  • Sci-tech pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation

SDG target(s)

  • 13.2 Integrate climate change into national policies, planning

Conventions and protocols

  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
  • National Communications

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Nature-based solution
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

Project description

This project aims to assist Costa Rica in meeting reporting requirements under the UNFCCC Convention, in accordance with its commitments as a non-Annex 1 Party (as mandated by Article 4 and 12 of this Convention and COP 16 and 17 decisions), and to strengthen the technical and institutional capacity of Costa Rica to prepare and submit its Fourth National Communication (4NC) and Second Biennial Update Report (2BUR) to the UNFCCC. The project consists of the following key elements1.Review and update of the national circumstances and institutional arrangements 2.The Seventh National Greenhouse Gases Inventory (GHGI) report for the period 2014 – 20163.Assessment of sectors, actions and projects that could be included in the national emission reduction strategy 4.Completed vulnerability study including recommended adaptation measures for identified vulnerable sectors 5.Other information relevant for the preparation of 2BUR and 4NC 6.Second Biennial Update Report and Fourth National Communication consolidated and submitted to the UNFCCCThe 4NC/2BUR and their respective National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (NGHGI) will be the first built relying heavily on the SINAMECC platform to acquire and pre-process data and to carry out calculations for the NGHGI as well as provide information on mitigation activities and decarbonization pathways incorporating the TIMES-CR model.

USD $852,000

Grant amount

USD $646,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($852,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Nationa Metereological Institute

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation