Conserving Biodiversity and reducing habitat degradation in Protected Areas and their Buffer Zones

Lead country

St. Kitts and Nevis

Participating countries

St. Kitts and Nevis

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From November 19, 2014 to November 30, 2020

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  2. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  3. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Project ID: 5088

*The boundaries shown and the designations used on the above map and included in lists, tables and documents on this website do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or UNDP | References to Kosovo* shall be understood to be in the context of UN Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Conserved areas
  • Marine


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • arine and coastal protected areas
  • Coral reefs
  • Large marine ecosystem

Transformed sector(s)

  • Aquaculture
  • Tourism
  • Other sectors

UNDP role(s)

  • Institutional mechanism and system building
  • Policy advice


  • Management operation
  • Monitor inventory
  • Governance


  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Ecosystem and ecosystem services conservation/restoration
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Ecological monitoring
  • Improved & diversified sustainable livelihoods (TP 5)
  • Ecosystem services monitoring
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Institutional framework
  • Institutional capacity building

Social inclusion


Gender equality

  • Awareness raising (on gender)

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • SIDS
  • Structural/system transformation
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


The project will expand the existing PA system through the establishment of one new terrestrial PA and two new marine PAs (the first marine PAs in the country). In addition, the project will address systemic issues by implementing key elements of SKNs Protected Areas System Plan, including the establishment of a centralized agency for protected areas management, the introduction of user fees to offset PA management costs, the creation and revision of PA site management plans, and the implementation of key conservation actions (biodiversity inventories; coral reef conservation) within specific PA sites, thereby strengthening PA management capacities and the ability to reduce or eliminate threats to biodiversity including habitat destruction and over-exploitation of marine biodiversity resources. The proposed project also will also implement measures to reduce habitat degradation in PA buffer areas which are having an adverse impact on the ecological integrity of protected areas. Finally, the project will assist St Kitts and Nevis to achieve the Aichi targets in particular target 11: By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes. It supports the following goals of the CBD Program of Work on Protected Areas: 1.2 To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function; 1.4 To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management; 1.5 To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas; 3.1 To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas; and 3.5 To strengthen communication, education and public awareness.


To expand and strengthen the terrestrial and marine protected area system, and reduce habitat destruction in areas of influence that negatively impact PA ecological functioning.

USD $6,807,985

Grant amount

USD $14,472,915

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($6,807,985)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Barbados

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

Discover relevant spatial data related to this project/country/region, powered by UN BiodiversityLab

Project reports and documentation