Combating poaching and the illegal wildlife trade in Tanzania through an integrated approach

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From July 14, 2020 to July 14, 2026

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  2. 15.7 End wildlife poaching, illegal species trafficking
  3. 15.c Increase local capacity to combat species poaching

Project ID: 5467

*The boundaries shown and the designations used on the above map and included in lists, tables and documents on this website do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or UNDP | References to Kosovo* shall be understood to be in the context of UN Security Council resolution 1244 (1999).

Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Ecosystem management and restoration
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Human altered areas

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use
  • Retail

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Innovative approaches
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Law regulation
  • Capacity building
  • Management operation


  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Community capacity building
  • Awareness raising
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Ecosystem and ecosystem services conservation/restoration

Social inclusion


Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.7 End wildlife poaching, illegal species trafficking
  • 15.c Increase local capacity to combat species poaching

Conventions and protocols

  • Other Global Conventions

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Poverty reduction

Project description

Rapidly increasing intensive wildlife poaching, particularly of elephants, and the illegal trafficking of ivory to consumer countries is causing a rapid decline in mega-fauna populations and risks foregoing the opportunity for significant rural development through wildlife tourism. In 2014, the Government of Tanzania developed and approved the National Anti-Poaching and illegal Wildlife Trade (APIWT) Strategy. This project has the objective to combat poaching and the illegal wildlife trade in Tanzania through an integrated approach. In particular, the project will support the Government of Tanzania in implementing the APIWT Strategy, i.e. by strengthening legislation and institutional capacity to tackle poaching and wildlife trafficking at national level and increase intensity of international collaboration to fight IWT between Tanzania and neighbouring countries (Outcome 1). At the landscape level the project will contribute to anti-poaching capacity of newly established Tasking and Coordination Groups (TCGs), improve multi-institutional collaboration and increase the level of their cooperation with local communities, business and NGOs in nine ecosystems into which the country is partitioned (Outcome 2). At the same time, the project will address needs of local communities in sustainable livelihoods and equitable sharing of benefits from wildlife and tourism via increasing community involvement in wildlife crime enforcement and monitoring activities; promoting sustainable livelihoods that reduce dependency on vulnerable habitats/wildlife within the Ruaha/Rungwa ecosystem (Outcome 3). A national campaign will be undertaken, raising awareness of conservation and wildlife crime, and the ivory trade, among citizens and authorities in Tanzania. Lessons learned from the project via active participation of all stakeholder groups in the project implementation and M&E will be made available nationally and internationally to facilitate IWT fight, including lessons on gender mainstreaming (Outcome 4).

USD $5,504,587

Grant amount

USD $26,800,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Source(s) of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,504,587)

Joint agencies

  • World Bank

Related resources

Geospatial information

Discover relevant spatial data related to this project/country/region, powered by UN BiodiversityLab

Project reports and documentation