China’s Protected Area Reform (C-PAR 1) for Conserving Globally Significant Biodiversity

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From March 8, 2019 to March 8, 2024

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  2. 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management
  3. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Project ID: 5688

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Wildlife conservation
  • Biodiversity financing


  • Conserved areas


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Protected areas network
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Law regulation
  • Management operation
  • Finance economy


  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation
  • Standards/ Labeling/ Guideline
  • Laws enforcement/ Regulation
  • Sustainable land management
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Nature finance

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Indigenous peoples

Gender equality

  • Women's access to and control over resources
  • Women decision making

Gender result effectiveness scale



  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning
  • 15.b Mobilize resources, incentives for sustainable forest management
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Structural/system transformation
  • Nature-based solution

Project description

The Project Objective is “to establish an effective National Park (NP) System through protected area reform and institutional innovation, increasing coverage of protected areas and improving effectiveness of Protected Area (PA) management for conservation of globally significant biodiversity”. The strategy in achieving this objective is broken down into three components: Component 1: National Park System Establishment; Component 2: Provincial level National Park System Strengthening; Component 3: Program Coordination and Knowledge Management. Component 1 focuses on strengthening the enabling environment required for establishment of a National Park (NP) system, the cornerstone of the ongoing PA reforms in China. Component 2 focuses on provincial level national park system strengthening, systematically applying results of Component 1 at the provincial and local level. Component 3 focuses on C-PAR program coordination and knowledge management enhancement for the C-PAR program and beyond the program in support of the new NP system, along with supporting improved understanding among decision makers and the public on the value of the national PA system.The Project Strategy is focused on consolidating the currently fragmented arrangements of the national PA system, through applying uniform methods for planning and managing protected areas that are based on sound scientific principles and value-based allocation of financial resources. This approach is directly aligned to the current PA reforms in China. With a strong emphasis on diversification and increase in PA financing, the project is designed to impart long-lasting contributions towards sound and participatory management of the national PA system. Moreover, increasing coverage of globally significant biodiversity by more than 1 million ha enhances the management effectiveness of the PA system and promotes more efficient allocation of conservation funding. Mainstreaming the NP legal framework into broader development priorities, including the 14th five-year plan and the ecological conservation redline process, will strengthen decision-making frameworks associated with conservation and resource use.

USD $6,422,018

Grant amount

USD $43,100,000

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($6,422,018)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of China

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation