C.A.P.E. Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development

Lead country

South Africa

Participating countries

South Africa

Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From June 5, 2004 to May 31, 2009

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species
  2. 15.1 Conserve, restore, sustainably use terrestrial, freshwater ecosystems
  3. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Project ID: 2204

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas
  • Mainstreaming biodiversity


  • Ecosystem-based adaptation
  • Wildlife conservation


  • Conserved areas
  • FreshWaters
  • Marine


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Marine and coastal protected areas
  • Estuaries
  • General

Transformed sector(s)

  • Tourism
  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Institutional mechanism and system building


  • Management operation
  • Capacity building
  • Finance economy


  • Invasive and alien species (IAS)
  • Integrated river basin management
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Technical capacity building
  • Portfolio learning
  • Spatial monitoring/analysis
  • Nature finance
  • Laws/ Policy/ Plan formulation

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality


Gender result effectiveness scale



  • People pathway
  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.8 Prevent, mitigate, eradicate invasive alien species
  • 15.1 Conserve, restore, sustainably use terrestrial, freshwater ecosystems
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Multi-stakeholder collaboration
  • Poverty reduction

About this project


The Government of South Africa has developed the Cape Action for People and Environment (C.A.P.E.) programme to protect the rich biological heritage of the Cape Floristic Region (CFR), and to ensure that biodiversity conservation is mainstreamed into economic development and poverty alleviation strategies. The basis for this programme was laid by Global Environment Facility (GEF) support in September 2000. In this period, the Cape Action Plan for the Environment, referred to as the CAPE 2000 Strategy, was developed. It identified the key ecological patterns and processes, which need to be conserved in the CFR, the key threats and root causes of biodiversity losses to be addressed to conserve the CFR. This resulted in a spatial plan identifying the priority areas for conservation intervention and a series of systemic programme activities to be undertaken over a 20-year period to conserve the CFR. The C.A.P.E. programme is being implemented over a 20-year period through 3 phases. Phase 1 and 2 will seek incremental funding from the GEF. Phase 2 will seek lower levels of GEF resources and Phase 3 will be funded from domestic resources. Each phase of the programme is designed as a relatively discrete element generating defined global environmental benefits.The overall purpose of the project is to conserve and manage the natural environment of the CFR and adjacent marine environment. It will also deliver significant benefits to the people of the region in a way that is embraced by local communities, endorsed by government and recognised internationally.The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank (WB) are jointly implementing the project for the GEF. Six project components have been formulated. UNDP will serve as the Implementing Agent for components 1 and 2 of the project: Institutional Strengthening and Conservation Education. The World Bank will serve as the Implementing Agent for component 3-6: Programme and Project Co-ordination, Protected areas, Biodiversity Economy and Conservation Stewardship, and Watershed Management. Each agency will, as per separate Project Document Agreement, assume responsibility for all aspects of the implementation of the components listed in each project document. This includes Project supervision and monitoring all fiduciary issues and responding to the clients needs for technical assistance.


To support the conservation of the Cape Floristic Region (CFR) and adjacent marine environment by laying a sound foundation for scaling up and replicating successful project outcomes.

USD $2,000,000

Grant amount

USD $28,835,550

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($2,000,000)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of South Africa

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation