A landscape approach to the conservation of threatened mountain ecosystems

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From December 11, 2014 to December 11, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.4 Conserve mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity
  2. 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  3. 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Project ID: 4716

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas


  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Forests
  • Conserved areas


  • Montane forests
  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Specially protected areas (SPAs)

Transformed sector(s)

  • Forestry and other land use

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Innovative approaches


  • Management operation
  • Enabling
  • Mitigation adaptation


  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management
  • Ecosystem and ecosystem services conservation/restoration
  • Mainstream
  • Ecosystem mitigation and adaptation

Social inclusion


Gender equality

  • Women farmers

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender targeted


  • Systems pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Hazard control/mitigation
  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.4 Conserve mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity
  • 15.5 Reduce habitat degradation, halt biodiversity loss, extinction
  • 15.a Mobilize resources for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic


About this project


1.This project will make a paradigm shift in biodiversity conservation and protected area management in Cuba, from a site based approach to a landscape approach that integrates PAs into the surrounding areas. This is necessary in order to protect core refugia for biodiversity, while addressing fragmentation from production practices in the landscape as a whole, and countering threats such as fire and pollution which have their origins in the practices employed in the production landscape. Hence, the strategic landscape approach supported through this project will constitute an innovative approach and contribute to strengthen the management effectiveness of the PA system. The project will focus on threatened mountain ecosystems located in the principal mountain ranges of the country, which are legally considered as Special Sustainable Development Regions (REDS) and managed by Mountain Organisms (multi-institutional entities directed by a Tripartite Commission composed by the Ministry of Agriculture MINAG, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment CITMA, and the Ministry of the Armed Forces (MINFAR). It will work across altitudinal gradients reaching from mountain ridges to foothills in order to maintain functional connectivity. The project will take a combined BD SO 1 and SO 2 approach, to strengthen the management of PAs, expand PA coverage and ensure the compatibility of PA management with the conservation of BD in production sectors and landscapes.


Biodiversity effectively buffered from current and future threats across mountain landscapes, from the foothills to the mountain ridges.

USD $7,581,819

Grant amount

USD $41,024,100

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($7,581,819)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Cuba

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation