A Landscape Approach to conserving and managing threatened Biodiversity in Madagascar with a focus on the Atsimo-Andrefana Spiny and Dry Forest Landscape

Lead country


Participating countries


Project status

Under implementation

Implementing period

From May 8, 2017 to May 8, 2022

SDGs addressed by this project

SDG targets

  1. 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  2. 15.6 Promote fair, equitable benefits sharing
  3. 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Project ID: 5263

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Technical team

  • Ecosystems and Biodiversity Programme

Technical area(s)

  • Strengthening conservation areas
  • Ecosystem management and restoration


  • Agrobiodiversity
  • Biodiversity financing
  • Ecosystem-based mitigation


  • Conserved areas
  • Human altered areas
  • Forests


  • Terrestrial protected areas
  • Key biodiversity areas (KBAs)
  • Productive landscapes/Seascapes
  • Industrial site
  • Mining sites
  • Dryland forests

Transformed sector(s)

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry and other land use
  • Metals and Mining

UNDP role(s)

  • Capacity development / Technical assistance
  • Data collection and analysis
  • Risk analysis


  • Governance
  • Food and agricultural commodities
  • Management operation


  • Inter-sectoral coordination
  • Institutional framework
  • Participatory governance models
  • Sustainable land management
  • Wildlife and habitat conservation
  • Conserved areas/ protected areas management

Social inclusion

  • Local community/CSOs
  • Private sector

Gender equality

  • Women decision making

Gender result effectiveness scale

  • Gender responsive


  • Systems pathway
  • People pathway

Risk reduction target(s)

  • Reduce exposure
  • Improve resilience

SDG target(s)

  • 15.2 Promote sustainable forest management, restoration, afforestation
  • 15.6 Promote fair, equitable benefits sharing
  • 15.9 Integrate ecosystem values into national planning

Conventions and protocols

  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
  • National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Private sector(s)


Hot topic

  • Poverty reduction
  • Public-private partnership
  • Food and agricultural commodities strategy

About this project


The project is designed to strengthen conservation management capabilities across the multi-use Atsimo-Andrefana Spiny and Dry Forest Landscape, straddling an area of some 2.4 million hectares. The landscape harbours spiny thickets and dry forests, that rank amongst the most distinctive yet least protected ecosystems in Madagascar. It is rich in biodiversity, but faces accelerating anthropogenic pressures. Historically, land conversion for subsistence agriculture has comprised the major threat to biodiversity. However, large-scale projects such as road construction, irrigation schemes, oil & gas developments and mining present a future threat, opening the landscape to large scale commercial agriculture (e.g. cotton farming), open pit mining and other developments which may also lead to an influx of economic migrants. These emerging threats are not unique to the target landscape they are likely to prevail to a greater or lesser extent across large swathes of the country. However, the Government lacks an effective management framework for ensuring that such development does not come at an unacceptable price in terms of biodiversity loss. There is an urgent unmet need to mainstream biodiversity management into development and to influence the trajectory of development, to contain pressures in the most ecologically sensitive areas, including protected areas (PAs), their adjacent zones and important ecological corridors. The project will address this need through a two-pronged approach. First, it will strengthen resource use governance at the landscape level by developing and implementing a Landscape Level Land-Use Plan that explicitly incorporates biodiversity conservation needs and prescribes land uses with a view to mitigating threats the BD LUP. It will work with national and sub-national level stakeholders to engage economic sectors, and negotiate the application of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use measures. Second, the project will work with local communities to strengthen conservation on communal lands--addressing existing threats to biodiversity linked to artisanal livelihoods and subsistence activities.


Protect landscape biodiversity Atsimo Andrefana to address current and emerging threats, and use it sustainably by implementing a collaborative governance framework for sectorial mainstreaming and decentralized management of natural resources.

USD $5,479,452

Grant amount

USD $43,882,820

Leveraged amount (co-financing)


Source(s) of fund

Sources of fund


  • Global Environment Facility – Trust Fund ($5,479,452)

Implementing partner(s)

  • Government of Madagascar

Project metrics

Related resources

Geospatial information

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Project reports and documentation